New HIV Infection Cases Targeted to Disappear by 2030

New HIV Infection Cases Targeted to Disappear by 2030

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The government targets that there will be no more new cases of HIV infection, cases of death due to AIDS, and discrimination against people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) by 2030. The government is confident that these targets will be met.

“The final goal of 2030 is to achieve Three Zeros, namely no more new infections, no more AIDS deaths, and no discrimination against PLWHA,” said Director of Prevention and Control of Directly Infectious Diseases at the Ministry of Health, Siti Nadia Tarmizi, Thursday (2/12). ).

The target is planned to be achieved by implementing the 95-95-95 strategy. Namely, 95 percent of PLWHA know their HIV infection status, 95 percent of PLWHA undergo antiretroviral treatment (ARV) therapy, and 95 percent of PLWHA have suppressed viral levels in their blood.

Human immunodeficiency virus or HIV is a virus that damages cells in the human immune system. While AIDS or acquired immune deficiency syndrome is used to refer to a collection of symptoms of infection and disease that occurs when the immune system is damaged by HIV.

“If we are sick with HIV and then its severity increases, then we will arrive at a condition we call AIDS. So the virus takes advantage of our weak body condition which then causes diseases,” said Nadia.

HIV is found in the body fluids of infected people. This virus is mainly transmitted through unsafe sexual activity. In addition, HIV can be transmitted through sharing needles or transmitted from mother to baby during pregnancy, birth, or breastfeeding.

HIV infection cannot be cured. However, there is already an effective drug therapy to support PLWHA live a longer healthy life. Antiretroviral drugs are used to treat HIV attacks. These drugs work to stop the virus from replicating in the body, allowing the immune system to repair itself and preventing further damage.

Nadia emphasized the importance of strong collaboration between the central government, regional governments, the private sector, and all elements of society in an effort to prevent and control the transmission of HIV/AIDS and achieve the target of HIV/AIDS prevention by 2030. The handling of HIV AIDS in Indonesia is still on the right track,” he said.

In 2020, new cases of HIV infection were recorded at 47 percent lower than in 2010. According to him, the number of people living with HIV in Indonesia in 2020 was recorded at 543,100 people with an estimated 30,100 people with HIV infection who died and reported death cases as many as 30,100. 10,103 cases.

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He added, as many as 149,883 people spread across 502 districts and cities have accessed ARV treatment therapy services to overcome HIV attacks. Nadia hopes that the number of new infection cases, morbidity and mortality rates due to HIV can be reduced during the pandemic.

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